PALEOLITHIC

Friday, 18 May, 2012 - 08:00 to 20:00
ATLANTIAR - PALEOLITHIC

PALEOLITHIC

The Homo sapiens groups that settled on the Atlantic façade of Europe over 45,000 years ago –following the early migrations to this part of the continent– withdrew driven by the extreme cold during the last glacial period –20,000 years ago– and grouped around the Bay of Biscay –the Upper Paleolithic Refuge. From there they were able to embark on an adventure for survival that led them to undertake significant movements and to develop an intellectual activity that was to mark the transformation of their future, with their development of rock and portable art in the continent.

These populations endured the rigours of an extreme climate, but as the temperatures began to turn milder about 15,000 years ago, they started to migrate towards more northerly territories, which, once free of ice, hosted plant and animal life. Some of the territories that were repopulated along the littoral of the Atlantic façade at that time are known today as Brittany, Wales, Cornwall, Ireland, Scotland and England, which at that time formed part of an extension of the continent and were united to it by the vast, now submerged territory of the Doggerland.

About 9,000 years ago commenced a great impetus in the development of agriculture and livestock in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East, giving rise to considerable population growth in that region, and which led to migrations that spread in all directions. Small groups headed from the east to various parts of Europe and settled along the Mediterranean littoral, their productive economy, ways of life and systems of beliefs penetrating the continent by making their way along the river courses.

Their movements through Europe eventually reached the mountainous Pyrenees region about 7,000 years ago, where the Basques – a population resulting from the initial migration– took time to mingle with the newcomers, known as the Indo-Europeans.

PROGRAMME

Friday 18 May 2012.

09:00 09:20h: Handing out of documentation.

09:20 09:35h: The Isturitz flute. Mixel Etxekopar.

09:35 09:45h: Presentation and Opening of the Congress.

09:45 10:00h: Introduction. The ATLANTIAR project.
XABI OTERO.
JAUZARREA.
Fund for the study and dissemination of Basque culture.
Arraiotz. Navarre. Basque Country.

10:00 10:45h: Descent of man: Past and modern humans, out of Africa and the roots of the Western European recolonisation.
Dr. STEPHEN OPPENHEIMER.
University of Oxford.

10:45 11:00h: Break.


Western Europe during the last Würm Glacial Period.

11:00 11:45h: Shamanism in the Paleolithic caves.
Dr. JEAN CLOTTES.
Former Director of Prehistoric Antiquities of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Scientific Advisor for prehistoric rock art at the French Ministry of Culture.

11:45 12:15h: Cultural diversity in the Upper Paleolithic through the example of the Isturitz site.
Dr. AUDE LABARGE. Prehistorian.
Isturitz Oxocelhaya Culture Centre.
JOËLLE DARRICAU.
Isturitz Oxocelhaya Culture Centre.
I.S.C.A. Chairman of International Commission on Prehistory in Show Caves.

12:15 12:45h: Basque and the other languages of the world: can a genetic connection be proven?
Dr. PETER BAKKER.
Aarhus University. Denmark.

12:45 13:00h: Archaeology of Language.
JAVIER GOITIA. Engineer. Geographer.

13:00 13:15h: Euskal Harriak. (The Basque stones).
IÑAKI PERURENA. Harrijasotzailea. (Stone lifter).

13:15 14:30h: Break.

14:30 15:15h: A Solutrean Solution: the Origin of Pleistocene People in Eastern North America.
Dr. BRUCE BRADLEY.
Dept. of Archaeology. University of Exeter.

15:15 16:00h: Evidence for an Atlantic Maritime Tradition linking Ice Age Europe to North America.
Dr. DENNIS STANFORD. Dept. Antrhopology.
Paleoindian/Paleoecology Program.
Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
Dr. MARGARET JODRY. Senior Adjunct Scientist.
Paleo Cultural Research Group.
Smithsonian Institution, Washington.

16:00 16:30h: The Western Pyrenees, a crossroads on the Magdalenian routes; traces of mobility.
Dr. JOSE ANTONIO MUJIKA.
University of the Basque Country. UPV/EHU.
Dr. ANDONI TARRIÑO.
CNIEH. National Research Centre on Human Evolution. Burgos.

16:30 16:45h: Praileaitz I in the Lower Magdalenian.
Dr. XABIER PEÑALVER.
Aranzadi Society of Sciences.
Donostia. Gipuzkoa. Basque Country.

16:45 17:00h: Break.

17:00 17:45: The Vasconic language substrate in Central Europe: A summary of arguments.
Dr. THEO VENNEMANN.
University Ludwig-Maximilian. Munich.

17:45 18:15h: How the most recent historical approaches are perceived by the First Nations.
Dr. KEPTIN STEPHEN AUGUSTINE.
Canadian Museum of Civilization.Hull-Ottawa.
Hereditary chief Sigenigtog.

18:15 19:45h: Roundtable discussion.

19:45 20:00h: Closing Session, txalaparta.
Amaia Corral, Ixiar Jauregi, Lara Mitxelena.

Scientific Organising Committee:

STEPHEN OPPENHEIMER. University of Oxford.
XABI OTERO. JAUZARREA, fund for the study and spreading of Basque culture. Arraiotz. Navarre. Basque Country.
J. A. MUJIKA. University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).
DENNIS STANFORD. Smithsonian Institution. Washington.

Simultaneous interpretation: Basque, Spanish, French, English